"Pen & Pencil pictures of Old Bradford"
Please note that this index is given in good faith as a guide to the contents of the book, but there may be errors in both the original index and the transcription of the index.
CHAPTER 1. - Historical Survey.
Brigantian Period. - Etymology. - Romans, Saxons, Danes, Normans. - De Lacies. - Inquisition (1277). - Right of Gallows. - Free Court. - Assize of Bread and Beer. - Evam, weaver, of Gomersal. - Frizinghall. - In- quisition (1311). - Hall. - Water and Fulling Mill. - Market. - Fair.- Castle. - Church. - Inhabitants Classified. - Inhabited Portion of the Town. - Social and Domestic Condition of the People. - Manor. - John, of Gaunt. - Hornblowing Tenure. - Wild Boar, of Cliffe Wood. - Plantagenet Period. - Incursions of the Scots. - The " Black Death."--Poll Tax of Richard II. - Population. - Leland. - Civil Wars. - Fairfax.-First Siege.-Lister's Narrative.--Captain Hodgson. - Attack upon the Church. - Second Siege. - Earl of Newcastle at Bolling Hall. - Flight of Fairfax. - Bolling Hall Ghost. - Bradford spared. - Restoration. - William and Mary. - Woollen and Worsted Industries. - Volunteer Corps (1794). - Commercial Pros- perity. - Bradford in 1800.
CHAPTER II. - The Parish Church.
Date of Erection. - " Kirk in the Wood." - Advowson. - Rectory. - Tythes, Easter Dues, etc. - Interior, before its Restoration and since. - Old Vicarage. - THE VICARS OF BRADFORD. - Early Wills. - Richard de Halton. - Henry de Latrynton. - William Rodes. - Caleb Kemp. - Francis Corker. - John Crosse. - Henry Heap. - William Scoresby, D.D. - John Burnet, D.D. - Vincent W. Ryan, D.D., Bishop. - Canon Bardsley. - Church of " S.S. Peter and Paul." - Chapel of St. Sitha. - Ave-Bridge. - Catalogue of Vicars.
CHAPTER III. - Modern Churches.
Old Christ Church. - Position. - No Church Yard. - Foundation Stone laid. First Incumbent, Rev. William Morgan. - Double Wedding. - Mr. Morgan as an Author. - Items from old Account Book. - Rev. W. Ramsden Smith. - Rev. Vincent John Ryan, M.A. - Church and Site purchased by Cor- poration. - Last Service. - St. James' Church. - St. John's (Manchester Road). - St. John's (Bowling). - St. Jude's. - St. Matthew's. - St. Andrew's. - The Ten New Churches. ROMAN CATHoLIcs. - Room hired in Com- mercial Street (1822). - Mass celebrated in Roebuck Inn. - Opening of St. Mary's, Stott Hill (1825). - Public Discussion. - Erection of other Churches.
CHAPTER IV. - The Dissenters.
ENGLISH PRESBYTERIANS and UNITARIANS. - Uniformity Act. - Ejectment.- Sharps, of Horton Hall. - Chapel Green, Horton. - Chapel erected in Chapel Lane (1719). - Material brought from Howley Hall. - Abraham Sharp. - Ministers at Chapel Lane. THE QuAKERs. - Gained early footing in Bradford. - Registers. - Gift of Land in Goodman's-end, by Matthew Wright. - John Wynn. - Persecution. - First Chapel built. - Scriptural Names. - Trades. - Old Families. - New Chapel erected (1811). - Enlarged (1825). - Sale of Site to Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway Co - The Hustlers. - Andrew Pearson. WESLEYAN METHODISTS. - John Nelson. - Lodged in Bradford Dungeon. - Wesley's first Visit to Bradford (1744.) - Formation of first Society. - Old Cock-pit. - Erection of Octagon Chapel, - Wesley's last Visit to Bradford. - Revival. - Kirkgate Chapel erected (1811). - Eastbrook (1825). - Primitive Methodists. - New Connexion Methodists. - Methodist Free Church. - Wesleyan Reformers. THE BAP- Tins. - Meetings in House at Manningham. - First Minister, William Crabtree. - Old Cock-pit. - Westgate Chapel built (1755). - Fawcett. - xiv. Public Discussion. - Rev. W. Steadman. - Sion Chapel built (18231. - Dr. Godwin. - Rev. Henry Dowson. - Rev. J. P. Chown. - New Sion Chapel opened (1875). - Trinity and Hallfield Chapels built. - The General Baptists. - Strict Baptists. THE Congregationalists. - Origin in Brad- ford. - Edward Hales. - Rev. Joseph Cockin. - Paper Hall. - Malt Chamber in Old Brewery. - Chapel in Horton Lane erected (1781). - Rev. James Crosley. - Rev. Thomas Holdgate. - Rev Thomas Taylor. - Sunday School. - Rev. Jonathan Glyde. - Rev. J. R. Campbell, D.D. - Salem Chapel built (1835). - Rev. J. G. Miall. - College Chapel built (1838). - School at Little Horton. - Greenfield Chapel. - Lister Hills Chapel. - Bowling Chapel. - Erection of New Chapel and Schools in Horton Lane. - Progress. OTHER DENOMINATIONS. - The Moravians. - Presbyterian Church of England. - New Church (Swedenborgian). - German Evangelical Church. - The Bradford Synagogue. - Catholic Apostolic Church. - Bible Christians.
CHAPTER V. - Educational & Literary Institutions.
FREE GRAMMAR SCHOOL. - Its Antiquity. - Charter. - Link between Church and School. - Playground. - School Well. - School in Manningham Lane built (1818). - Early Masters - Hall, Sturdy, Clapham, Butler. - Thomas Wright. - Henry Hopper. - Edward Baldwyn. - Contention as to Lecture- ship. - Slack. - Early Sports. - Distinguished Pupils. - New Scheme.- New Schools. - Gifts for Scholarships, etc. - High Rank of the School. - The Girls' Grammar School. THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. - Origin, (1832). - Prejudices against Popular Education. - First Room engaged. - Institute in Leeds Road opened (1840). - Debt cleared off (1850). - Generous Gifts. - Progress. - Foundation Stone laid of present Institute, by Lord Houghton. - Opened by Rt. Honble. W. E. Forster. - Inner Life. - Library. - Lectures and Lecturers.--Classes. - Teachers. CHURCH LITERARY INSTITUTE. - Origin. - " The Church Institution."-Constitution.- Library. - Foundation Stone of New Institute laid (1871). - Classes, etc. - Bazaar to clear off debt. THE PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY. - Early attempts to establish a Philosophical Society. - Distinguished Honorary Members. - Lectures. - Society re-established in 1864. - Its Constitution and Objects. - Purchase of Mr. Richardson's Geological Collection. - Society resuscitated in 1884. BRADFORD SUBSCRIPTION LIBRARY. - Began 1774. - Rev. John Dean. - First items of Expenditure. - First Librarian. - First Books pur- chased. - First Printing in Bradford. - The Nicholsons. - The Library, where located. - Its Librarians. - Old Bradford Gentry. AIREDALE COLLEGE. - " Mr. Scott's Academy " (1756), Heckmondwike. - James Scott, Tutor. - First Pupils. - Academy at Northowram. - College at Idle. - Rev. W. Vint, Tutor. - Salary. - College at Undercliffe built (1834). - Rev. Walter Scott. - Rev. D. Fraser, LL.D. - Rev. A. M. Fairbairn D.D.- College at Heaton. HORTON BAPTIST COLLEGE. - Origin of the Institution. - Its Object. - Dr. Steadman, first Tutor. - Benefactors. - Rawdon College. - Horton College ; its Associations. SUNDAY SCHOOL. - Apologised for. - Rev. John Crosse. - Early Schools. - Treasurers' Accounts. - Gifts. - Paid Teachers. - Methods of Instruction. - Church School, Bolton Road. - Wesleyan Methodist, Congregational, and Baptist Sunday Schools. - The Object of Sunday Schools. MODERN INSTITUTIONS. - The " Quakers' School." - Parochial Schools. - Dr. Scoresby. - Borough West Schools. - Female Educational Institute. - Bradford Long-Pledged Teetotal Associ- ation. - Reading by Charles Dickens.
CHAPTER VI.--Old Public Buildings
THE OLD LAW COURTS, PRISONS, &C. - Toll Booth and Hall of Pleas. - Old Court Rolls. - Old Modes of Punishment. - Ancient Officials. - Court House, top of Westgate. - Old " Justice Room." - Some " Cases." - Mr. Lister's Court at Spotted House, Manningham Lane. - First Prison. - Nelson's Incarceration. - Old "Lock-up," Sun Bridge. - Court House, Hall Ings. - Its Associations. - Manor Court. - " Will Lee Hoil." - " Cry- ing the Fair." THE OLD WORKHOUSE. - Erected 1738. - Vagrant Office. - Cock-pit. - Relief. - Bradford Union, (1837.) - Opposition to the New Poor Law. - Workhouse at Little Horton erected 1851. THE OLD PIECE HALL. - Erected 1773. - Old Bradford Tradesmen. - Piece Hall described by James Hartley. - Enlarged. - Stringent Bye-laws. - " Rules and Orders." - Political Associations. OLD MARKET House. - Its Quaint Architecture. - Market Street, called after it. - Its Surroundings. - " Bartle's Corner." - Thompson's Theatre. - Barracks. - Old Market Cross. THE OLD Ex- CHANGE. - Erected 1828. - Lecture by William Cobbett (1831). - Dr. Outh- waite. - Committee. - Cost of the Building. - Its Architecture. - Exchange Street.--Grand Ball. - Foundation Stone of New Exchange laid by Lord Palmerston. THE DISPENSARY AND INFIRMARY. - Distress in 1825. - Dispensary established. - House in High Street engaged. - Building in Darley Street erected (1827). - How Funds were raised. - Benefactors.- Present Infirmary. - Friends and Patrons. - Physicians and Surgeons. THE OLD THEATRES. - First Theatre. - L. S. Thompson. - Room in King's Arms Yard. - " Bartle's Corner." - Poet Nicholson, Dramatist. - " Jemmy" Wild. - Smedley's Theatre. - Skerret's Theatre. - Strolling Companies. - " Old Wild's." - Wallet.--Mrs. Chatterton's Theatre. - The Old Theatre Royal. - Distinguished Actors. - Rough Audiences. - Messrs. Mosley & Rice. - First Performance in " Old Royal." - Mr. and Mrs. Nunn. - Lysander Thompson. - Local Plays. - Richelieu. - "Old Mackay." - Mr.Phillips.-Mr Robinson. - Mr. Roughton. - Mrs. and Miss Kirk. - John Mosley - Maria B. Jones.- First Pantomime. - Benefits. - J. D. Stoyle. - Amy Sedgwick. - Mr. and Miss Van denhoff. - Mrs. Fitz-william. - Sims Reeves. - The Misses Cush- man. - Macready. - Helen Faucit. - Phelps. - Kean.- G. V. Brooke.- Morton Price. - " Old Royal" closed (1867). - " Royal Alexandra Theatre" opened (1864). - Madge Robertson (Mrs. Kendal). - Buckstone & Wilde. - Charles Rice. - Mrs. Rice. - Prince's Theatre opened (1876). THE ODD- FELLOWS' HALL - First stone laid 27th June. 1836. - Large hall. - Its uses. THE POST OFFICE. - Early Post Offices in Bradford. - Memorial to Post- master-General. - New Mail. - Thomas Inkersley. - Post Office matters in 1835. - John Hudson. - Union Passage. - First List of Boxholders. - Old Exchange purchased. - The New Building in Forster Square opened Sept. 1st, 1887. THE OLD BANKS. - " Leach, Pollard & Hardcastle," (1760). - The " Old Bank " established 1803. - Edmund Peckover. - The Harris Family. - Wentworth & Co.'s Branch Bank. - Bradford Banking Co. es- tablished (1827). - Yorkshire Banking Co. - Bradford Commercial Bank - Bradford District Bank. - Exchange and Discount Bank. - Halifax Joint Stock. - Halifax Commercial. - Craven Bank, Limited. - East Morley and Bradford Savings Bank, etc. - Some Modern Buildings & Institutions.
CHAPTER VII. - The Old Inns, & the Coaching Days.
Old style of Hostelry. - Ancient Drinking Customs. - " Ye Swanne " - Pack Horse Inn, Westgate. - List of Hotels, &c. in 1822 and by whom kept - Church Steps Inn - Bowling Green Hotel - Bull's Head Inn - The New Inn - Sun Hotel - The Talbot - The George - Hope and Anchor-White Swan - Three Horse Shoes - Bee Hive - Bermondsey. - Inns in Market Street - Wool Packs - Ship - White Horse and Malt Shovel - White Lion - Shoulder of Mutton - Nag's Head - Manor House - Roebuck-Fleece Dramshops.-The Coaching Days-" Rockingham Bob."-Bad Roads- Turnpike Act. - " Rebecca " Riots. - " Posting" Houses in Bradford. - Old Coachmen. - Decline of the Coaching Days.
CHAPTER VIII. - early Parliamentary Elections.
Bradford Enfranchised (1832). - First Nomination of Candidates - Mr. John Hardy - Mr. E. C. Lister - Mr. Geo. Banks. - Questions of the Day. - Re- sult of Election. - Reform. - Dissolution of Parliament in 1834. - Mr. Geo. Hadfield - Meeting at the Sun Hotel. - Peter Bussy. - Election, January 1835 - Hadfield defeated. - Death of King William IV. and accession of Queen Victoria. - Election, 1837 - Four Candidates. - Tory Candidates defeated. - Election, 1841 - John Hardy and W. C. Lister elected. - Death of W. C. Lister - W. Busfeild elected in his place. - Election, 1847 - Can- didates, Gathorne Hardy, H. W. Wickham, W. Busfeild, and Col. Thompson - the two latter elected. - Death of W. Busfeild (1851). - Elec- tion of Robert Milligan. - Election, 1852 - Free Trade Question - Exciting Contest - Milligan and Wickham elected. - Retirement of Mr. Milligan in 1857 - Col. Thompson elected. - Election, 1859 - Candidates, Messrs. Wickham, Salt and Harris - Wickham and Salt elected. - Election Ex- penses. - Mr. Salt resigns, January 1861 - Mr. W. E. Forster elected. - Biographical Notice of Mr. Forster. - Death of Mr. Wickham, 23rd Sep- tember, 1867 - Edward Miall and Mr. W. Thompson brought forward to contest the Seat - Party Strife - Great excitement - Mr. Thompson elected. - Election, Nov. 1868 - Mr. Miall defeated by Mr. Ripley. - Petition against the latter.--Mr. Ripley unseated. - Counter-petition against Mr. Forster unsuccessful. - Election, February 1874 - Forster and Ripley elected. - Mr. Forster appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland. - Elections since Re-distribution of Seats' Act. - Right Hon. W. E. Forster. - List of Bradford Parliamentary Elections.
CHAPTER IX. - Old Bradford Families, their Homes.
Bradford in 1311. - House-building in time of Elizabeth and James. - Dugdale's " Visitation." - Families in 1798. - Paper Hall. - Stott Hill House. - Manor Hall. - The Rawson and Hardy Families. - Market. - Miryshaw. - Boldshay. - " Town-end." - The Rands. - Old Houses, bottom of Horton Road. - Rev. W. Atkinson's. - Houses in Westgate. - " Fayre Gappe." - Clarkson Family. - David Clarkson. - The Bartletts. - Hustlers. William Wilson. - James Ellis. - John Priestman. - The Biltons. - William Maud. - Benjamin Seebohm. - North Parade. - Sir Titus Salt. - S. Cunliffe Lister. - Manville. - Richard Fawcett. - Horton Hall. - The Sharps.- Horton House. - Mr. Wood and Richard Oastler. - Ten Hours' Bill. - Families connected with the Iron Industries. - " Town Hill House." - Bolling Hall. - The Bolling Tempest, and other Families. - Bierley Hall. Dr. Richardson.
CHAPTER X. - Some Old "Nooks and Corners."
Broadstones. - Old Shops. - Kirkgate. - " Mally." - " Dumb John."-" Brown Cow Shop." - Shops and Shopkeepers in Kirkgate, Westgate, Ivegate and Market Street. - Mrs. Brown. - Ald. Henry Brown. - Horse Fair in Bridge Street. - " Pleasure " Fair. - Site of New Market Street, Town Hall, &c. - Old Foundry. - Old Brewery. - The Whitaker and Thompson Families. Soke Mill. - Goit.
CHAPTER XI. - Early Bradford Literature & Art.
Local talent not encouraged. - Early Printers - The Nicholsons - John Blackburn & Son - John Stanfield - Thomas Inkersley - Henry Wardman- Spencer - Ibbetson - Auty.--Bradford's First Newspaper. - The Bradford Observer. - Mr. William Byles. - Bradford Daily Telegraph. - The Bronte Sisters. - Nicholson, the "Airedale Poet." - Abraham Holroyd. - The Bradfordian - Its Contributors. - Bradford Literati. - The " Bradford Artists' Society of Painting and Sculpture." - Exhibition. - William Overend Geller. - Joseph Clayton Bentley. - John and Charles Cousen. - The Tophams. - J. Wilson Anderson. - Patrick Branwell Bronte. - 233-243
CHAPTER XII. - Some Notable Odd Characters.
Astrologers and Fortune-Tellers. - Prophet Wroe. - John Rushton. - Reuben Holder. - Jonas Tasker. - " Tommy" Ramsden. - Judy Barrett. - " Blind Jimmy." - Eccentric Local Preachers. - The Bradford Waits. - - 244-250
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