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"Pen & Pencil pictures of Old Bradford"

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"Pen & Pencil pictures of Old Bradford"

by

William Scruton

Please note that this index is given in good faith as a guide to the contents of the book, but there may be errors in both the original index and the transcription of the index.


Numbers in brackets give the number of pages referenced when greater than one.

CHAPTER 1. - Historical Survey.

Brigantian Period. - Etymology. - Romans, Saxons, Danes, Normans. - De Lacies. - Inquisition (1277). - Right of Gallows. - Free Court. - Assize of Bread and Beer. - Evam, weaver, of Gomersal. - Frizinghall. - In- quisition (1311). - Hall. - Water and Fulling Mill. - Market. - Fair.- Castle. - Church. - Inhabitants Classified. - Inhabited Portion of the Town. - Social and Domestic Condition of the People. - Manor. - John, of Gaunt. - Hornblowing Tenure. - Wild Boar, of Cliffe Wood. - Plantagenet Period. - Incursions of the Scots. - The " Black Death."--Poll Tax of Richard II. - Population. - Leland. - Civil Wars. - Fairfax.-First Siege.-Lister's Narrative.--Captain Hodgson. - Attack upon the Church. - Second Siege. - Earl of Newcastle at Bolling Hall. - Flight of Fairfax. - Bolling Hall Ghost. - Bradford spared. - Restoration. - William and Mary. - Woollen and Worsted Industries. - Volunteer Corps (1794). - Commercial Pros- perity. - Bradford in 1800.

CHAPTER II. - The Parish Church.

Date of Erection. - " Kirk in the Wood." - Advowson. - Rectory. - Tythes, Easter Dues, etc. - Interior, before its Restoration and since. - Old Vicarage. - THE VICARS OF BRADFORD. - Early Wills. - Richard de Halton. - Henry de Latrynton. - William Rodes. - Caleb Kemp. - Francis Corker. - John Crosse. - Henry Heap. - William Scoresby, D.D. - John Burnet, D.D. - Vincent W. Ryan, D.D., Bishop. - Canon Bardsley. - Church of " S.S. Peter and Paul." - Chapel of St. Sitha. - Ave-Bridge. - Catalogue of Vicars.

CHAPTER III. - Modern Churches.

Old Christ Church. - Position. - No Church Yard. - Foundation Stone laid. First Incumbent, Rev. William Morgan. - Double Wedding. - Mr. Morgan as an Author. - Items from old Account Book. - Rev. W. Ramsden Smith. - Rev. Vincent John Ryan, M.A. - Church and Site purchased by Cor- poration. - Last Service. - St. James' Church. - St. John's (Manchester Road). - St. John's (Bowling). - St. Jude's. - St. Matthew's. - St. Andrew's. - The Ten New Churches. ROMAN CATHoLIcs. - Room hired in Com- mercial Street (1822). - Mass celebrated in Roebuck Inn. - Opening of St. Mary's, Stott Hill (1825). - Public Discussion. - Erection of other Churches.

CHAPTER IV. - The Dissenters.

ENGLISH PRESBYTERIANS and UNITARIANS. - Uniformity Act. - Ejectment.- Sharps, of Horton Hall. - Chapel Green, Horton. - Chapel erected in Chapel Lane (1719). - Material brought from Howley Hall. - Abraham Sharp. - Ministers at Chapel Lane. THE QuAKERs. - Gained early footing in Bradford. - Registers. - Gift of Land in Goodman's-end, by Matthew Wright. - John Wynn. - Persecution. - First Chapel built. - Scriptural Names. - Trades. - Old Families. - New Chapel erected (1811). - Enlarged (1825). - Sale of Site to Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway Co - The Hustlers. - Andrew Pearson. WESLEYAN METHODISTS. - John Nelson. - Lodged in Bradford Dungeon. - Wesley's first Visit to Bradford (1744.) - Formation of first Society. - Old Cock-pit. - Erection of Octagon Chapel, - Wesley's last Visit to Bradford. - Revival. - Kirkgate Chapel erected (1811). - Eastbrook (1825). - Primitive Methodists. - New Connexion Methodists. - Methodist Free Church. - Wesleyan Reformers. THE BAP- Tins. - Meetings in House at Manningham. - First Minister, William Crabtree. - Old Cock-pit. - Westgate Chapel built (1755). - Fawcett. - xiv. Public Discussion. - Rev. W. Steadman. - Sion Chapel built (18231. - Dr. Godwin. - Rev. Henry Dowson. - Rev. J. P. Chown. - New Sion Chapel opened (1875). - Trinity and Hallfield Chapels built. - The General Baptists. - Strict Baptists. THE Congregationalists. - Origin in Brad- ford. - Edward Hales. - Rev. Joseph Cockin. - Paper Hall. - Malt Chamber in Old Brewery. - Chapel in Horton Lane erected (1781). - Rev. James Crosley. - Rev. Thomas Holdgate. - Rev Thomas Taylor. - Sunday School. - Rev. Jonathan Glyde. - Rev. J. R. Campbell, D.D. - Salem Chapel built (1835). - Rev. J. G. Miall. - College Chapel built (1838). - School at Little Horton. - Greenfield Chapel. - Lister Hills Chapel. - Bowling Chapel. - Erection of New Chapel and Schools in Horton Lane. - Progress. OTHER DENOMINATIONS. - The Moravians. - Presbyterian Church of England. - New Church (Swedenborgian). - German Evangelical Church. - The Bradford Synagogue. - Catholic Apostolic Church. - Bible Christians.

CHAPTER V. - Educational & Literary Institutions.

FREE GRAMMAR SCHOOL. - Its Antiquity. - Charter. - Link between Church and School. - Playground. - School Well. - School in Manningham Lane built (1818). - Early Masters - Hall, Sturdy, Clapham, Butler. - Thomas Wright. - Henry Hopper. - Edward Baldwyn. - Contention as to Lecture- ship. - Slack. - Early Sports. - Distinguished Pupils. - New Scheme.- New Schools. - Gifts for Scholarships, etc. - High Rank of the School. - The Girls' Grammar School. THE MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. - Origin, (1832). - Prejudices against Popular Education. - First Room engaged. - Institute in Leeds Road opened (1840). - Debt cleared off (1850). - Generous Gifts. - Progress. - Foundation Stone laid of present Institute, by Lord Houghton. - Opened by Rt. Honble. W. E. Forster. - Inner Life. - Library. - Lectures and Lecturers.--Classes. - Teachers. CHURCH LITERARY INSTITUTE. - Origin. - " The Church Institution."-Constitution.- Library. - Foundation Stone of New Institute laid (1871). - Classes, etc. - Bazaar to clear off debt. THE PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY. - Early attempts to establish a Philosophical Society. - Distinguished Honorary Members. - Lectures. - Society re-established in 1864. - Its Constitution and Objects. - Purchase of Mr. Richardson's Geological Collection. - Society resuscitated in 1884. BRADFORD SUBSCRIPTION LIBRARY. - Began 1774. - Rev. John Dean. - First items of Expenditure. - First Librarian. - First Books pur- chased. - First Printing in Bradford. - The Nicholsons. - The Library, where located. - Its Librarians. - Old Bradford Gentry. AIREDALE COLLEGE. - " Mr. Scott's Academy " (1756), Heckmondwike. - James Scott, Tutor. - First Pupils. - Academy at Northowram. - College at Idle. - Rev. W. Vint, Tutor. - Salary. - College at Undercliffe built (1834). - Rev. Walter Scott. - Rev. D. Fraser, LL.D. - Rev. A. M. Fairbairn D.D.- College at Heaton. HORTON BAPTIST COLLEGE. - Origin of the Institution. - Its Object. - Dr. Steadman, first Tutor. - Benefactors. - Rawdon College. - Horton College ; its Associations. SUNDAY SCHOOL. - Apologised for. - Rev. John Crosse. - Early Schools. - Treasurers' Accounts. - Gifts. - Paid Teachers. - Methods of Instruction. - Church School, Bolton Road. - Wesleyan Methodist, Congregational, and Baptist Sunday Schools. - The Object of Sunday Schools. MODERN INSTITUTIONS. - The " Quakers' School." - Parochial Schools. - Dr. Scoresby. - Borough West Schools. - Female Educational Institute. - Bradford Long-Pledged Teetotal Associ- ation. - Reading by Charles Dickens.

CHAPTER VI.--Old Public Buildings

THE OLD LAW COURTS, PRISONS, &C. - Toll Booth and Hall of Pleas. - Old Court Rolls. - Old Modes of Punishment. - Ancient Officials. - Court House, top of Westgate. - Old " Justice Room." - Some " Cases." - Mr. Lister's Court at Spotted House, Manningham Lane. - First Prison. - Nelson's Incarceration. - Old "Lock-up," Sun Bridge. - Court House, Hall Ings. - Its Associations. - Manor Court. - " Will Lee Hoil." - " Cry- ing the Fair." THE OLD WORKHOUSE. - Erected 1738. - Vagrant Office. - Cock-pit. - Relief. - Bradford Union, (1837.) - Opposition to the New Poor Law. - Workhouse at Little Horton erected 1851. THE OLD PIECE HALL. - Erected 1773. - Old Bradford Tradesmen. - Piece Hall described by James Hartley. - Enlarged. - Stringent Bye-laws. - " Rules and Orders." - Political Associations. OLD MARKET House. - Its Quaint Architecture. - Market Street, called after it. - Its Surroundings. - " Bartle's Corner." - Thompson's Theatre. - Barracks. - Old Market Cross. THE OLD Ex- CHANGE. - Erected 1828. - Lecture by William Cobbett (1831). - Dr. Outh- waite. - Committee. - Cost of the Building. - Its Architecture. - Exchange Street.--Grand Ball. - Foundation Stone of New Exchange laid by Lord Palmerston. THE DISPENSARY AND INFIRMARY. - Distress in 1825. - Dispensary established. - House in High Street engaged. - Building in Darley Street erected (1827). - How Funds were raised. - Benefactors.- Present Infirmary. - Friends and Patrons. - Physicians and Surgeons. THE OLD THEATRES. - First Theatre. - L. S. Thompson. - Room in King's Arms Yard. - " Bartle's Corner." - Poet Nicholson, Dramatist. - " Jemmy" Wild. - Smedley's Theatre. - Skerret's Theatre. - Strolling Companies. - " Old Wild's." - Wallet.--Mrs. Chatterton's Theatre. - The Old Theatre Royal. - Distinguished Actors. - Rough Audiences. - Messrs. Mosley & Rice. - First Performance in " Old Royal." - Mr. and Mrs. Nunn. - Lysander Thompson. - Local Plays. - Richelieu. - "Old Mackay." - Mr.Phillips.-Mr Robinson. - Mr. Roughton. - Mrs. and Miss Kirk. - John Mosley - Maria B. Jones.- First Pantomime. - Benefits. - J. D. Stoyle. - Amy Sedgwick. - Mr. and Miss Van denhoff. - Mrs. Fitz-william. - Sims Reeves. - The Misses Cush- man. - Macready. - Helen Faucit. - Phelps. - Kean.- G. V. Brooke.- Morton Price. - " Old Royal" closed (1867). - " Royal Alexandra Theatre" opened (1864). - Madge Robertson (Mrs. Kendal). - Buckstone & Wilde. - Charles Rice. - Mrs. Rice. - Prince's Theatre opened (1876). THE ODD- FELLOWS' HALL - First stone laid 27th June. 1836. - Large hall. - Its uses. THE POST OFFICE. - Early Post Offices in Bradford. - Memorial to Post- master-General. - New Mail. - Thomas Inkersley. - Post Office matters in 1835. - John Hudson. - Union Passage. - First List of Boxholders. - Old Exchange purchased. - The New Building in Forster Square opened Sept. 1st, 1887. THE OLD BANKS. - " Leach, Pollard & Hardcastle," (1760). - The " Old Bank " established 1803. - Edmund Peckover. - The Harris Family. - Wentworth & Co.'s Branch Bank. - Bradford Banking Co. es- tablished (1827). - Yorkshire Banking Co. - Bradford Commercial Bank - Bradford District Bank. - Exchange and Discount Bank. - Halifax Joint Stock. - Halifax Commercial. - Craven Bank, Limited. - East Morley and Bradford Savings Bank, etc. - Some Modern Buildings & Institutions.

CHAPTER VII. - The Old Inns, & the Coaching Days.

Old style of Hostelry. - Ancient Drinking Customs. - " Ye Swanne " - Pack Horse Inn, Westgate. - List of Hotels, &c. in 1822 and by whom kept - Church Steps Inn - Bowling Green Hotel - Bull's Head Inn - The New Inn - Sun Hotel - The Talbot - The George - Hope and Anchor-White Swan - Three Horse Shoes - Bee Hive - Bermondsey. - Inns in Market Street - Wool Packs - Ship - White Horse and Malt Shovel - White Lion - Shoulder of Mutton - Nag's Head - Manor House - Roebuck-Fleece Dramshops.-The Coaching Days-" Rockingham Bob."-Bad Roads- Turnpike Act. - " Rebecca " Riots. - " Posting" Houses in Bradford. - Old Coachmen. - Decline of the Coaching Days.

CHAPTER VIII. - early Parliamentary Elections.

Bradford Enfranchised (1832). - First Nomination of Candidates - Mr. John Hardy - Mr. E. C. Lister - Mr. Geo. Banks. - Questions of the Day. - Re- sult of Election. - Reform. - Dissolution of Parliament in 1834. - Mr. Geo. Hadfield - Meeting at the Sun Hotel. - Peter Bussy. - Election, January 1835 - Hadfield defeated. - Death of King William IV. and accession of Queen Victoria. - Election, 1837 - Four Candidates. - Tory Candidates defeated. - Election, 1841 - John Hardy and W. C. Lister elected. - Death of W. C. Lister - W. Busfeild elected in his place. - Election, 1847 - Can- didates, Gathorne Hardy, H. W. Wickham, W. Busfeild, and Col. Thompson - the two latter elected. - Death of W. Busfeild (1851). - Elec- tion of Robert Milligan. - Election, 1852 - Free Trade Question - Exciting Contest - Milligan and Wickham elected. - Retirement of Mr. Milligan in 1857 - Col. Thompson elected. - Election, 1859 - Candidates, Messrs. Wickham, Salt and Harris - Wickham and Salt elected. - Election Ex- penses. - Mr. Salt resigns, January 1861 - Mr. W. E. Forster elected. - Biographical Notice of Mr. Forster. - Death of Mr. Wickham, 23rd Sep- tember, 1867 - Edward Miall and Mr. W. Thompson brought forward to contest the Seat - Party Strife - Great excitement - Mr. Thompson elected. - Election, Nov. 1868 - Mr. Miall defeated by Mr. Ripley. - Petition against the latter.--Mr. Ripley unseated. - Counter-petition against Mr. Forster unsuccessful. - Election, February 1874 - Forster and Ripley elected. - Mr. Forster appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland. - Elections since Re-distribution of Seats' Act. - Right Hon. W. E. Forster. - List of Bradford Parliamentary Elections.

CHAPTER IX. - Old Bradford Families, their Homes.

Bradford in 1311. - House-building in time of Elizabeth and James. - Dugdale's " Visitation." - Families in 1798. - Paper Hall. - Stott Hill House. - Manor Hall. - The Rawson and Hardy Families. - Market. - Miryshaw. - Boldshay. - " Town-end." - The Rands. - Old Houses, bottom of Horton Road. - Rev. W. Atkinson's. - Houses in Westgate. - " Fayre Gappe." - Clarkson Family. - David Clarkson. - The Bartletts. - Hustlers. William Wilson. - James Ellis. - John Priestman. - The Biltons. - William Maud. - Benjamin Seebohm. - North Parade. - Sir Titus Salt. - S. Cunliffe Lister. - Manville. - Richard Fawcett. - Horton Hall. - The Sharps.- Horton House. - Mr. Wood and Richard Oastler. - Ten Hours' Bill. - Families connected with the Iron Industries. - " Town Hill House." - Bolling Hall. - The Bolling Tempest, and other Families. - Bierley Hall. Dr. Richardson.

CHAPTER X. - Some Old "Nooks and Corners."

Broadstones. - Old Shops. - Kirkgate. - " Mally." - " Dumb John."-" Brown Cow Shop." - Shops and Shopkeepers in Kirkgate, Westgate, Ivegate and Market Street. - Mrs. Brown. - Ald. Henry Brown. - Horse Fair in Bridge Street. - " Pleasure " Fair. - Site of New Market Street, Town Hall, &c. - Old Foundry. - Old Brewery. - The Whitaker and Thompson Families. Soke Mill. - Goit.

CHAPTER XI. - Early Bradford Literature & Art.

Local talent not encouraged. - Early Printers - The Nicholsons - John Blackburn & Son - John Stanfield - Thomas Inkersley - Henry Wardman- Spencer - Ibbetson - Auty.--Bradford's First Newspaper. - The Bradford Observer. - Mr. William Byles. - Bradford Daily Telegraph. - The Bronte Sisters. - Nicholson, the "Airedale Poet." - Abraham Holroyd. - The Bradfordian - Its Contributors. - Bradford Literati. - The " Bradford Artists' Society of Painting and Sculpture." - Exhibition. - William Overend Geller. - Joseph Clayton Bentley. - John and Charles Cousen. - The Tophams. - J. Wilson Anderson. - Patrick Branwell Bronte. - 233-243

CHAPTER XII. - Some Notable Odd Characters.

Astrologers and Fortune-Tellers. - Prophet Wroe. - John Rushton. - Reuben Holder. - Jonas Tasker. - " Tommy" Ramsden. - Judy Barrett. - " Blind Jimmy." - Eccentric Local Preachers. - The Bradford Waits. - - 244-250


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